NISCAIR Online Periodicals Repository

NISCAIR ONLINE PERIODICALS REPOSITORY (NOPR)  >
NISCAIR PUBLICATIONS >
Research Journals >
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology (IJEB) >
IJEB Vol.48 [2010] >
IJEB Vol.48(12) [December 2010] >


Title: Screening of certain medicinal plants from India for their anti-quorum sensing activity
Authors: Zahin, Maryam
Hasan, Sameena
Aqil, Farrukh
Khan, Mohd. Sajjad Ahmad
Husain, Fohad Mabood
Ahmad, Iqbal
Keywords: Anti-QS activity
Chromobacterium violaceum
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Quorum sensing
Swarming motility
Issue Date: Dec-2010
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Discovery of quorum sensing (QS) system to coordinate virulence and biofilm formation in bacterial pathogens has triggered search for safe, stable and non-toxic anti-QS compounds from natural products. Ethanolic extracts of 24 Indian medicinal plants were tested by agar well and disc diffusion assay for anti-QS activity using Chromobacterium violaceum (CV12472 and CVO26) reporter strains. AHL from C. violaceum CV31532 was isolated and partially purified for its use in CVO26 based bioassay. Effect on swarming-motility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PAO1) was also recorded at sub-MIC concentrations of extracts. Of the 24 medicinal plants screened Hemidesmus indicus (L.) Schult (root), Holarrhena antidysenterica (Roth)A.DC. (bark), Mangifera indica L. (seed) Punica granatum L. (pericarp) and Psoralea corylifolia L. (seed) demonstrated varying level of inhibition of violacein production in the reporter strains. Moreover, a significant reduction in swarms was recorded over control. The inhibition of violacein production and swarming motility may be due to direct or indirect interference on QS by active constituents or the interactive effect of different phytocompounds present in the extracts. These plant extracts may be selected for activity guided fractionation to identify and characterize the active principle
Page(s): 1219-1224
CC License:  CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Source:IJEB Vol.48(12) [December 2010]

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
IJEB 48(12) 1219-1224.pdf287.67 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
 Current Page Visits: 1245 
Recommend this item

 

National Knowledge Resources Consortium |  NISCAIR Website |  Contact us |  Feedback

Disclaimer: NISCAIR assumes no responsibility for the statements and opinions advanced by contributors. The editorial staff in its work of examining papers received for publication is helped, in an honorary capacity, by many distinguished engineers and scientists.

CC License Except where otherwise noted, the Articles on this site are licensed under Creative Commons License: CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India

Copyright © 2012 The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. All rights reserved.

Powered by DSpace Copyright © 2002-2007 MIT and Hewlett-Packard | Compliant to OAI-PMH V 2.0

Home Page Total Visits: 576010 since 06-Feb-2009  Last updated on 26-Aug-2014Webmaster: nopr@niscair.res.in