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Title: Propagation characteristics of coronal mass ejections and their effects at the near-Earth environment
Authors: Rahman, A Mujiber
Manoharan, P K
Umapathy, S
Keywords: Coronal mass ejections (CME)
Solar wind
Geomagnetic storms
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: This paper deals with the geo-effective analysis of halo and partial halo coronal mass ejections (CMEs) observed during solar cycle 23. The analysis is based on lists of white-light CMEs and associated ICMEs and interplanetary shocks analyzed in recent studies [Manoharan P K, Gopalswamy N, Yashiro S, Lara A, Michalek G & Howard R A, Influence of CME interaction on propagation of interplanetary shocks, J Geophys Res (USA), 109 (2004), 6109, doi:10.1029/2003JA010300; and Manoharan P K, Evolution of Coronal Mass Ejections in the inner heliosphere: A study using white-light and scintillation images 2003, Sol Phys (Netherlands), 235 (2006) pp 345–368, doi: 10.1007/s11207-006-0100-y]. The link between the initial speed of the CME, its speed at 1 AU, speed of the associated IP shock, its strength, magnetic field within the CME and the geomagnetic storm have been studied using the spacecraft data and radio scintillation images from Ooty. The southward component of the CME magnetic field (Bz) and the geo-storm index (Dst) are highly correlated. But a large scatter is evident in this correlation as well as in correlations of speeds of the CME at the near-Sun and at 1 AU with arrival times of IP shock and ICME at the Earth. The preliminary results suggest that each CME has its own unique propagation signature, which is likely determined by the internal energy possessed by the CME and the interaction of the CME with the ambient (i.e., background) solar wind plasma and also with the preceding CME(s) occasionally encountered in the propagation path.
Description: 276-279
ISSN: 0975-105X (Online); 0367-8393 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJRSP Vol.39(5) [October 2010]

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