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Title: Celecoxib mitigates cigarette smoke induced oxidative stress in mice
Authors: Koul, Ashwani
Arora, Neha
Keywords: Cyclooxygenase;Cigarette smoke;Inflammation;Oxidative stress
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Cigarette smoke (CS) is a rich source of radicals, predisposing the cell to oxidative stress resulting in inflammation. Chronic inflammation is a recognized risk factor for carcinogenesis. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a mediator of inflammatory pathway and may, therefore, contribute to carcinogenesis. There are several reports that suggest the association between CS and COX-2 associated risk to cancer. In the present study, we examined the role of celecoxib (a selective COX-2 inhibitor) in modulating the oxidative stress caused by CS inhalation in mice. CS exposure for a period of 10 weeks caused oxidative stress in the pulmonary and hepatic tissues, as evident from the increase in lipid peroxidation levels (LPO) and decrease in reduced glutathione (GSH) levels. Celecoxib (125 mg/kg body weight for 8 weeks) administration to CS inhaling mice reduced the oxidative stress by decreasing the LPO levels and enhancing the GSH levels in comparison to the CS-exposed group. CS exposure repressed the enzymatic antioxidant defense system, as evident from the decrease in catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities. Co-adminstration of celecoxib considerably reversed the changes in the enzymatic antioxidant defense system. Histopathological studies of lungs showed that CS exposure induced alveolar wall destruction and air space enlargement. In co-treated group, the alveolar septa were thicker than normal with apparent infiltration of inflammatory cells. In CS-exposed group, hepatic tissue exhibited vacuolization and macrophage infiltration. Co-treatment with celecoxib restored the normal histoarchitechture in hepatic tissues of CS inhaling mice. Thus, the present study demonstrated that celecoxib adminstration reduced the oxidative stress-mediated risk to carcinogenesis, due to its ability to boost the antioxidant defense system.
Page(s): 285-291
ISSN: 0975-0959 (Online); 0301-1208 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBB Vol.47(5) [October 2010]

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