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Title: Induction of acute respiratory distress syndrome in rats by lipopolysaccharide and its effect on oxidative stress and antioxidant status in lung
Authors: Sabarirajan, Jayaraja
Vijayaraj, Panneerselvam
Nachiappan, Vasanthi
Keywords: Acute respiratory distress syndrome;Lipopolysaccharide;Oxidative stress;Alveolar antioxidants;Multiple organ failure
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Acute lung injury (ALI) or its severe form, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is an important cause of mortality in the human population. Despite significant advances made, the mortality associated with ALI remains unchanged. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the role of oxidative stress, alveolar antioxidant status and multiple organ injury in ARDS induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in rats. Rats were divided into 4 groups, group I control rats were given saline intraperitoneally, whereas groups II, III and IV (LPS-treated) rats received an intraperitoneal injection of LPS (10 mg/kg body weight) and sacrificed after various time intervals. In LPS-treated rats, we observed increased levels of oxidative products, decreased levels of antioxidants in lung tissues and increased levels of serum marker enzymes, suggesting multiple organ injury. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) neutrophil content and protein concentration in LPS-treated rats were significantly elevated in a time-dependent manner. Histological studies revealed neutrophil influx and diffused alveolar damage in LPS-administered rats. These results clearly suggested that increased oxidant levels led to oxidative stress, antioxidant deficiency attenuating lung inflammation and tissue damage. LPS administration resulted in multiple organ failure, leading to increased mortality.
Page(s): 278-284
ISSN: 0975-0959 (Online); 0301-1208 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBB Vol.47(5) [October 2010]

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