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Title: Temperature effect on the performance of phthalocyanine based photovoltaic devices
Authors: Kumar, Hemant
Kumar, Pankaj
Chaudhary, Neeraj
Bhardwaj, Ramil
Sharma, G D
Venkatesu, P
Chand, Suresh
Keywords: Organic photovoltaic
Phthalocyanine
Electronic properties
Fill factor
Short circuit current density
Open circuit voltage
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: In this paper, the effect of temperature on performance of phthalocyanine based photovoltaic devices is investigated. Zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) and metal free phthalocyanine (H2Pc) are used as donor whereas fullerene (C60) is used as an acceptor. Prior to these investigations, the thicknesses of the active layers are optimized to get the optimum performance. The optimised device has an efficiency of ~1.4% for ZnPc and ~0.5% for H2Pc at room temperature. Investigations on the optimized device show that temperature has significant effect on the photovoltaic performance. Short circuit current density (Jsc) and fill factor (FF) decrease whereas open circuit voltage (Voc) increases with reduction in temperature. The reduction in Jsc has been attributed to the temperature dependent electronic properties of the active organic layers while the increment in the Voc has been attributed to the reduction in band bending and increment in built in voltage (Vbi) on lowering of temperature. In overall the efficiency first increases and then decreases with reduction in temperature.
Page(s): 358-362
CC License:  CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India
ISSN: 0975-1017 (Online); 0971-4588 (Print)
Source:IJEMS Vol.17(5) [October 2010]

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