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Title: Bioculturally important plant diversity of Arunachal Pradesh: Learning from Adi and Monpa communities about ‘Future crops of India’
Authors: Singh, Ranjay K
Srivastava, R C
Adi Community
Monpa Community
Keywords: Plant biodiversity
Future crops
Traditional knowledge
Wild plants
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Series/Report no.: Int. Cl.7: A01B1/00, A01B15/00, A01B19/00, A01C3/00, A61K36/00, A61P5/00
Abstract: Arunachal Pradesh, the largest state of Northeast India, falls under Eastern Himalayan region, which is declared as one of the biodiversity Hot Spots in the world. The Adi and Monpa are two of the 26 major tribes of Arunachal Pradesh. These tribes have been selecting and using number of ethnobotanicals which are important for food, nutrition and ethnomedicine. These ethnobotanical species have great potential to develop them as ‘future crops of India’. Looking to this importance of ethnobotanicals, a study was conducted during 2005-2008 among Adi and Monpa tribes. Respondents of study were sampled from randomly chosen villages of East Sinag and West Kameng districts. Data pertaining to study were collected using conventional and participatory methods. Results reveal that there are 14 ethnobotanicals used as food, nutritional and ethnomedicinal items by Adi tribes, while, one species was recorded from Monpa community being used for the similar purposes. These total 15 species play pivotal role in livelihood and support systems to its respective tribes. Large scale use, wider adaptability, semi-domestication status, high local market demand and conservation in varying micro-ecosystems are factors to consider the reported 15 species as the ‘future crops of India’. Some of these species are compatible to cope-up with even climate change also. Few of reported ethnobotanicals are used to cure diseases like high blood pressure, diabetes, malaria, stomach disorders, etc. These 15 species are invaluable depositories of hidden but significant gene pool which could be used in plant breeding programme and develop new plant varieties to cope up with the challenges of food, and nutritional insecurity, and changing climate also.
Description: 754-759
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.09(4) [October 2010]

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