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Title: Traditional technique of harvesting and processing for small millets in tribal region of Bastar
Authors: Pradhan, Adikant
Nag, S K
Patil, S K
Keywords: Kodo millet;finger millet;Jatta
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. Cl.8: A01B1/00, A01B15/00, A01B19/00, A01C3/00, A01C5/00, A01C7/00, A01G1/00, A01G13/00
Abstract: The important small cereals among tribes of Bastar region after rice are kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.) and finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.]. The basic problem of kodo millet is the milling for the grains, milling drudgery associated with upper husk sticking endosperm tightly that reduces the efficiency of grain recovery from each spikelet. Indigenous mill Jatta is made out of well mixture of soil and straw that helps it to check deflocculating while working, which is used by turning the upper plate. Time of milling for whole process required nearly half day to mill 20-30 kg of kodo millet seed with grain recovery of 40 or + 5% according to expert person. Finger millet is placed first position with good potential in rain fed farming system and slightly drought tolerant during any stage of growing periods. This practice is primitive harvesting system. The unique synchronization have made of with the harvester (elders), controller (children) and the grazer (animals). The system is very much applicable to adopt for grazing while harvesting finger millet, because farmers are not getting any things after harvesting finger heads.
Page(s): 681-683
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.09(4) [October 2010]

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