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Title: Pharmacognostical studies on the rhizome and root of Smilax zeylanica Linn. –A potential alternate source for the Ayurvedic drug Chopachinee
Authors: Madhavan, V
Hemalatha, H T
Gurudeva, M R
Yoganarasimhan, S N
Keywords: Smilax zeylanica;Smilacaceae;Chopachinee;Rhizome;Root;Pharmacognosy;Diosgenin;Ayurvedic Drug
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. cl.8A61 K 36/00, A61K 36/90
Abstract: Chopachinee is an important Ayurvedic drug used in several formulations and diseases. Smilax Linn. species are used as botanical source of Chopachinee while the accepted source is Smilax china Linn. Smilax zeylanica Linn., a potential alternate source for Chopachinee, occurring in South India is pharmacognostically investigated in this paper. It is used in the treatment of abscesses, skin disorders, sores, swellings, venereal diseases and as a substitute for Sarsaparilla. The present study comprises taxonomical, macroscopical, microscopical characters, physico-chemical and ultra-violet analysis besides chromatographic studies of the rhizome and root which not only help in the identification of the drug but also contribute towards establishing pharmacopoeial standards. HPTLC finger printing of diosgenin present in the drug is carried out to establish the biomarker compound.
Page(s): 328-337
ISSN: 0976-0512 (Online); 0976-0504 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJNPR Vol.1(3) [September 2010]

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