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|Title:||Molecular cloning, purification and characterization of thermostable <img src='/image/spc_char/beta.gif' border=0>-1,3-1,4 glucanase from <i>Bacillus subtilis </i>A8-8|
Chandra, M Subhosh
|Keywords:||<i style="">Bacillus subtilis</i>|
|Abstract:||A gene encoding a <img src='/image/spc_char/beta.gif' border=0>-1,3-1,4-glucanase (<i style="">Cel</i>A) belonging to family 5 of glycoside hydrolases was cloned and sequenced from the <i>Bacillus subtilis</i> A8-8. The open-reading-frame of <i style="">celA </i>comprised 1499 base pairs and the enzyme was composed of 500 amino acids with a molecular mass of 55 kDa. The recombinant <img src='/image/spc_char/beta.gif' border=0>-1,3-1,4 glucanase was purified by GST-fusion purification system. The pH and temperature optima of the enzyme were 8.0 and 60<sup>o</sup>C, respectively. The enzyme was stable within pH 6.0-9.0. It was stable up to 60<sup>o</sup>C and retained 30% of its original activity at 70<sup>o</sup>C for 60 min. It hydrolyzed lichenan, CMC, xylan, laminarin, avicel and <i style="">p</i>NPC, but was inactive towards cellobiose. The enzyme activity was markedly activated by Co<sup>2+</sup> and Mn<sup>2+</sup>, but was strongly inactivated by Fe<sup>3+</sup>. The truncated gene, devoid of cellulose-binding domain (CBD) showed 60% of activity and bound to avicel.|
|ISSN:||0975-0959 (Online); 0301-1208 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJBB Vol.47(4) [August 2010]|
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