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Title: Pharmacognostic and phytochemical evaluation of leaf galls of Kakadshringi used in Indian system of medicine
Authors: Upadhye, Anuradha S
Rajopadhye, Anagha A
Keywords: Garuga pinnata
HPTLC profile
Kakadshringi
Pharmacognosy
Pistacia integerrima
Terminalia chebula
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Kakadshringi, a well-known crude drug used as antidiarrheal in Indian system of traditional medicine, is leaf gall of Pistacia integrrima Stew. ex Brindis., Terminalia chebula Retz. and Garuga pinnata Roxb. This study presents pharmacognostic and phytochemical evaluation on galls of three botanically different plant species to establish identification markers. Phytochemical analysis revealed that gallic acid and phenol content were higher in P. integrrima than other two samples. Occurrence of gallic acid was: P. integerrima (15.41 ± 0.016 mg/g) > T. chebula (8.65 ± 0.024 mg/g) > G. pinnata (6.80 ± 0.0113 mg/g). Thus, P. integrrima, which contains higher amounts of tannins than T. chebula and G. pinnata, is recommended as potential for antidiarrheal activity.
Page(s): 700-704
ISSN: 0975-1084 (Online); 0022-4456 (Print)
Source:JSIR Vol.69(09) [September 2010]

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