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Title: Pharmacognostic and phytochemical evaluation of leaf galls of <i>Kakadshringi </i>used in Indian system of medicine
Authors: Upadhye, Anuradha S
Rajopadhye, Anagha A
Keywords: <i>Garuga pinnata</i>
HPTLC profile
<i>Pistacia integerrima</i>
<i>Terminalia chebula</i>
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: <i>Kakadshringi</i>, a well-known crude drug used as antidiarrheal in Indian system of traditional medicine, is leaf gall of <i>Pistacia</i> <i>integrrima </i>Stew. ex Brindis., <i>Terminalia chebula </i>Retz. and <i>Garuga pinnata </i>Roxb. This study presents pharmacognostic and phytochemical evaluation on galls of three botanically different plant species to establish identification markers. Phytochemical analysis revealed that gallic acid and phenol content were higher in <i>P. integrrima </i>than other two samples. Occurrence of gallic acid was: <i>P. integerrima </i>(15.41 ± 0.016 mg/g) > <i>T. chebula </i>(8.65 ± 0.024 mg/g) > <i>G. pinnata </i>(6.80 ± 0.0113 mg/g). Thus, <i>P.</i> <i>integrrima</i>, which contains higher amounts of tannins than <i>T. chebula </i>and <i>G. pinnata</i>, is recommended as potential for antidiarrheal activity.
Description: 700-704
ISSN: 0975-1084 (Online); 0022-4456 (Print)
Appears in Collections:JSIR Vol.69(09) [September 2010]

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