NISCAIR Online Periodicals Repository

NISCAIR ONLINE PERIODICALS REPOSITORY (NOPR)  >
NISCAIR PUBLICATIONS >
Research Journals >
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology (IJEB) >
IJEB Vol.48 [2010] >
IJEB Vol.48(09) [September 2010] >


Title: Cardioprotection by Inula racemosa Hook in experimental model of myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury
Authors: Ojha, Shreesh
Nandave, Mukesh
Kumari, Santosh
Arya, Dharamvir S
Keywords: Cardioprotection
Inula racemosa
Ischemia-reperfusion
Myocardial infarction
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract:  To evaluate the cardioprotective potential of Inula racemosa in myocardial ischemic-reperfusion injury, Wistar male albino rats were randomly divided into four groups. The group I and II animals were administered saline orally {(sham, ischemia- reperfusion (I-R) control group)} and animals of group III and group IV received I. racemosa extract (100 mg/kg) for 30 days. On the 30th day, animals of I-R control and I. racemosa treated groups were underwent 45 min of ligation of left anterior descending coronary artery and were thereafter re-perfused for 60 min. In the I-R control group, a significant decrease of mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), contractility, (+)LVdP/dt and relaxation, (-)LVdP/dt and an increase of left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) were observed. Subsequent to haemodynamic impairment and left ventricular contractile dysfunction, a significant decline was observed in endogenous myocardial antioxidants; superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and reduced glutathione (GSH). Increased lipid peroxidation characterized by malonaldialdehyde (MDA) formation along with depletion of cardiomyocytes specific enzymes, creatine phosphokinase-MB (CK-MB) isoenzyme and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in I-R control group compared to sham group revealed I-R injury of heart. However, treatment with I. racemosa significantly restored the myocardial antioxidant status evidenced by increased SOD, CAT, GPx and GSH and prevented leakage of cardio-specific enzymes; CK-MB and LDH and favorably modulated the altered MAP, HR, (+)LVdP/dt, (-)LVdP/dt and LVEDP as compared to I-R control. Furthermore, I-R induced lipid peroxidation was significantly inhibited by I. racemosa treatment. These beneficial cardioprotective effects translated into significant improvement in cardiac function. In conclusion, our study has demonstrated that the cardioprotective effect of I. racemosa likely resulted to improved antioxidant status, haemodynamic and left ventricular contractile function subsequent to suppression of oxidative stress
Page(s): 918-924
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Source:IJEB Vol.48(09) [September 2010]

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
IJEB 48(9) 918-924.pdf157.13 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
 Current Page Visits: 707 
Recommend this item

 

National Knowledge Resources Consortium |  NISCAIR Website |  Contact us |  Feedback

Disclaimer: NISCAIR assumes no responsibility for the statements and opinions advanced by contributors. The editorial staff in its work of examining papers received for publication is helped, in an honorary capacity, by many distinguished engineers and scientists.

CC License Except where otherwise noted, the Articles on this site are licensed under Creative Commons License: CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India

Copyright © 2012 The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. All rights reserved.

Powered by DSpace Copyright © 2002-2007 MIT and Hewlett-Packard | Compliant to OAI-PMH V 2.0

Home Page Total Visits: 558163 since 06-Feb-2009  Last updated on 15-Jul-2014Webmaster: nopr@niscair.res.in