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Title: Construction and design of single stranded collagen-like structure
Authors: Nandel, Fateh Singh
Saini, Avneet
Keywords: L/D t-Leu helical tendency
Polytheonamide B
Peptide designing
Helix without hydrogen bonds
Single-strand collagen
Issue Date: Apr-2007
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Polytheonamide B, a 48 residue long highly cytotoxic polypeptide extracted from marine sponges contains amino acids of alternate chirality and the N-terminal region is rich in t-Leu residues. The aim of this study is to analyze the effect of these alternate chiralities and conformational behavior of various model peptides containing t-Leu, in order to explore their role in designing bioactive peptides that shall offer advantages comparable to polytheonamide B, while circumventing its limitations. The conformational behavior of various peptides constructed from t-Leu of the form Ac-(L/D-X-L/D-Y)n-NHMe, where X = Gly/Ala/Leu and Y = t-Leu has been studied and compared with the corresponding peptides containing Leu residue. The results show that the helix driving capacity of L and D forms of t-Leu is less than that of Leu residue. In poly t-Leu peptides, the population of collagen/inverse collagen-type structures or right/left handed-helical structures for L and D forms respectively is found to be chain length-dependent. The stability of the helical structures is increased by ~2 kcal per residue over the collagen-type structure in poly t-Leu peptides with chain length greater than five residues. Molecular view of peptides in collagen-type structure shows that the bulky side chains of t-Leu residues mask the NH moieties of the peptide bond, while the carbonyl groups lying along the helical groove are accessible to the small solvent molecules. Molecular model building suggests that one ethylene glycol molecule interacts by forming hydrogen bonds with carbonyl groups of two adjacent t-Leu residues. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study of its own kind on the construction of a single-strand collagen/inverse collagen-type structure using unusual amino acid residues. Such synthetic collagen mimetic peptides shall exhibit specific affinity to natural collagen under controlled thermal conditions (heat or laser treatment) and hence can be explored as a new targeting method to attach therapeutic drugs to collagens in the living tissues and to biomaterials that incorporate natural collagens.
Page(s): 106-113
ISSN: 0301-1208
Source:IJBB Vol.44(2) [April 2007]

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